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Published: Fri, February 17, 2017
World | By Lorena Waters

Protruding eyes

Protruding eyes

Gaping eyes or protruding from their normal position may indicate that there is a serious health. The medical terms used to describe bulging or protruding eyes are proptosis and exophthalmos.

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In most cases, the white part of the eye should not be visible above the iris (upper portion of the colored part of the eye). If you see the white part of the eye between the iris and the upper eyelid, it is often considered as an abnormal protuberance. Treatment will be based on diagnosis. However, some people have a hereditary feature of protruding eyes by which the white part of the eyes is more prominent and visible.

When a child has only one protruding eye, it is a particularly serious indication. Seek medical attention immediately. The most common cause of protruding eyes is hyperthyroidism (the thyroid is overactive).

The thyroid gland is located at the front of the neck. Its function is to produce various hormones that control the metabolism. Hyperthyroidism occurs when the thyroid produces these hormones in excessive amounts for a short time and in concentrated form or over a long period.

Autoimmune disorder called Graves' disease is the most common cause of hyperthyroidism and protruding eyes. The tissues surrounding the eyes may become inflamed, which results in protruding eyes. Anyone can suffer from Graves' disease, but women over the age of 20 are at increased risk.

When a child has only a protruding eye, it is a particularly serious sign that requires immediate medical attention.

If you have one or both eyes protruding, request an appointment for a thorough medical examination as soon as possible. The doctor will ask you questions about your complete medical history. Your doctor will also want to know specific details of your symptoms, such as:

  • When did you first notice that your eyes were protruding?
  • Has the situation got worse since then?
  • Do you have other symptoms? In that case, which ones?
  • Do you take prescription or over-the-counter medications, or supplements?

After the medical examination, your doctor may order additional tests. Such analyzes could be:

Slit lamp examination (a low power microscope is used along with a high intensity light to examine the structures of the front of the eye) Blood tests (for thyroid disease) Imaging tests, including computed tomography (CT) or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) Any treatment for protruding eyes will depend entirely on the cause, but could include:

Li> sunglasses corticosteroids to reduce inflammation surgical procedures to repair damaged arteries and veins surgery, chemotherapy and radiation to treat tumors

Eye problems associated with hyperthyroidism may be worse for smokers, so giving up smoking may make the eyes less protruding.

Protruding eyes can cause problems of self-esteem to those affected, so it is also important to give them emotional support.

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