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Published: Tue, May 30, 2017
World | By Lorena Waters

Blog Spanish Institute - Our Spanish Free Blog

Blog Spanish Institute - Our Spanish Free Blog

Puebla is a great metropolis conscious of its history and its roots, rich in culture that does not lose its most ingrained customs, which draws the attention of tourists who at all times of the year visit this majestic place Where there is an incomparable hospitality.

However, in order for the Angelópolis to become a place of legends, magic and tradition, several stories have been written that have been passed by word of mouth and have been translated into The pages of books, to leave something tangent of the history of the city.

The Foundation of Puebla

Towards the year 1530 in New Spain, Productive and political conditions in which the conquistadors stopped abusing the Indians with the sole aim of achieving their success, as well as increasing their fortunes, and one of these solutions was to found towns without encomiendas and sustained by the work of their inhabitants .

At the time that For this reason, Fray Julián de Garcés, bishop of Tlaxcala, dreamed that two angels were laying the place where the Puebla was to be founded. Later, along with Friar Toribio Motolinia, the Second Audience led by Juan de Salmerón, Hernando de Saavedra and, in the distance, Isabel de Portugal, sought the ideal place where there would be justice, equality, harmony and peace, which culminated with the authorization Of La Cédula de Ocaña (19 / I / 1531) to found the people of Christians.

After this incident the second foundation was planned, for which it was granted exemption from the taxes of alcabalas and tributes for 30 years and were distributed solar in Huaquechula La Vieja, and on August 20, 1538, in Valladolid, Thus, on the river bed of the San Francisco, three remarkable phenomena developed, a mill, a set of crafts that supplied to the mill and the temple.

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And convent of Our Lady of the Carmen, that gives a sample of the barroque decoration poblana, with its facades, near brick and tiles that give a touch of manorial elegance.

The dream of Fray Toribio de Benavente Became a reality, because from then on a city was erected that over the years would become one of the main cities in Latin America due to its strategic location between the port of Veracruz and present-day Mexico City.

H3> The city project

La tr Aza of the new city had the influence of the new spirit of the Renaissance, reason why its founders opted for a pattern of rectangular settlement, that although it was not new if it was rare. The land, flat and free of Indian populations, was conducive to planning a settlement according to the new Renaissance individualism that granted greater and planned spaces. It was decided by a regular trace that started from a main square or of arms, delimited by the seat of the civil and ecclesiastical powers, in imitation of the Spanish cities.

The rectangular parallelogram of the main square is le Gave 250 long rods running from east to west and 128 from north to south, that is 210 by 107 meters, which served as a measure for the other apples forming a reticular grid.

The apples were traced, the distribution of the lots was carried out with Alonso Martín Partidor being responsible for carrying out this action. The humanist spirit of the founders' renaissance influenced to distribute with prodigality to the familiar heads, being divided the apples in eight lots by each, that is to say more than 2000 m2 by family.

The city also presented deliberately , A 24 ° orientation to the east relative to the north, in order to protect its sidewalks and streets from the direct rays of the sun, as well as to fork the dominant north winds that descend from the Malinche during the winter season. According to Cerón Zapata la Puebla, (place where it is populated or act of population), it was called thus by its founders in an indefinite period, perhaps would derive of

The "letters of Puebla" granted by the crown for the founding of the new cities, Hugo Leicht suggested that Puebla would come from Juan de la Puebla, the Spanish Franciscan founder of minoritas, the first missionaries of New Spain.

The city of Puebla also had the title "very noble and very loyal" thanks to a certificate issued by the Spanish Royal Household in February 1561, marking its importance in front of other viceroyal cities.

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