Published: Mon, September 04, 2017
World | By Lorena Waters

Antibiotics - Warnings, Precautions, Side Effects & Interactions | Everyday Health

Antibiotics - Warnings, Precautions, Side Effects & Interactions | Everyday Health

Antibiotics are a group of prescription drugs used to treat a wide variety of infections caused by bacteria. They are not effective against fungal or viral infections, such as cold or flu.

There are many different classes and subclasses of antibiotics, including: Penicillins, such as Amoxicillin and Augmentin (amoxicillin).

And Unasyn (ampicillin) Cephalosporins, including cefdinir, Rocephin (ceftriaxone), and Keflex (cephalexin) Fluoroquinolones ("quinolones"), like Levaquin (levofloxacin), Cipro (ciprofloxacin ), And Avelox (moxifloxacin)

Macrolides, such as Zithromax or Z-pak (azithromycin); Ery-Tab, Akne-Mycin, E.E.S., Eryc, and Pediamycin (erythromycin); And Cleocin, Cleocin T, ClindaGel, and Clinda-Derm (clindamycin) Tetracyclines, including tetracycline and Vibramycin (doxycycline) Aminoglycosides, like amikacin; Genoptic and Gentak (gentamicin); Aktob, Bethkis, Kitabis Pak, Tobi, Tobi Podhaler, Tobradex, and Tobrex (tobramycin); And Neo-Fradin (neomycin) Sulfonamides, such as Septra and Bactrim (sulfamethoxazole with trimethoprim)

Not all antibiotics work the same way to fight Infections.

Some antibiotics are bactericidal, meaning that they kill bacteria, while others are bacteriostatic, meaning that they prevent bacteria from reproducing. For example, penicillins, cephalosporins, and aminoglycosides are Bactericidal, while macrolides, tetracyclines, and sulfonamides are bacteriostatic.

Warnings and Precautions

Since allergies to certain antibiotics like penicillins and sulfa drugs are common, it's always a good idea to find out What class or subclass your prescribed antibiotic is in.

Your doctor tells you otherwise, be sure to finish taking all of the antibiotics you were prescribed - even if you start to feel better.

If you fail to finish the entire course of therapy, the infection may still be present, and symptoms may return.

Then, if the infection comes back, it will most likely be worse and more difficult To treat.

It is also possible that the antibiotics your doctor originally prescribed may not work as well - or at all - because the bacteria may become resistant to the original drug.

Antibiotic Resistance

Bacterial resistance to antibiotics is a widespread and growing problem.

In fact, some antibiotics have been effective against certain infections just a few years ago. >

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Overuse of antibiotics contributes to bacterial resistance. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) has stated that "up to 50 percent of the time, antibiotics are And most of the antibiotics used in the United States (as many as 75 percent or more) are not provided.

Resistance may occur when antibiotics are taken to a condition that is not caused by bacteria, such as:

Most coughs

Cold sore Cold sore Viral gastroenteritis Throats

There is no benefit from taking antibiotics for these infections, and doing so may put you at risk for antibiotic-resistant infections.

General Side Effects

However, in more severe cases, some antibiotics - like Augmentin (amoxicillin and clavulanate) and clindamycin - may cause very severe form of diarrhea, characterized by frequent episodes of loose, watery stools with a strong odor that is much more unpleasant Than normal.

If this happens, stop taking the antibiotic immediately and contact your doctor right away. You may have to take a different antibiotic.

Certain antibiotics may cause side effects such as tooth discoloration in baby teeth, hearing loss, or kidney problems.

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